This occupation has a very low probability of automation.

5.9% probability

of automation

0.1% growth

projected to 2026

3,500 employed

currently in the US

$86,840 annual wage

US, median ($41.75 hourly)

What they do

Study human society and social behavior by examining the groups and social institutions that people form, as well as various social, religious, political, and business organizations. May study the behavior and interaction of groups, trace their origin and growth, and analyze the influence of group activities on individual members.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 5.9% likely to be automated. It ranks 145 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 3,500 people have this job. They earn $86,840 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $303,940,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $41.75.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 0.1% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 3,500 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).