This occupation has a very high probability of automation.

82.0% probability

of automation

8.7% growth

projected to 2026

138,900 employed

currently in the US

$51,080 annual wage

US, median ($24.56 hourly)

What they do

Fabricate, assemble, install, and repair sheet metal products and equipment, such as ducts, control boxes, drainpipes, and furnace casings. Work may involve any of the following: setting up and operating fabricating machines to cut, bend, and straighten sheet metal; shaping metal over anvils, blocks, or forms using hammer; operating soldering and welding equipment to join sheet metal parts; or inspecting, assembling, and smoothing seams and joints of burred surfaces. Includes sheet metal duct installers who install prefabricated sheet metal ducts used for heating, air conditioning, or other purposes.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 82.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 453 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 138,900 people have this job. They earn $51,080 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $7,095,012,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $24.56.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 8.7% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 151,000 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).