This occupation has a very high probability of automation.

83.0% probability

of automation

7.6% growth

projected to 2026

33,800 employed

currently in the US

$46,170 annual wage

US, median ($22.2 hourly)

What they do

Stand watch to look for obstructions in path of vessel, measure water depth, turn wheel on bridge, or use emergency equipment as directed by captain, mate, or pilot. Break out, rig, overhaul, and store cargo-handling gear, stationary rigging, and running gear. Perform a variety of maintenance tasks to preserve the painted surface of the ship and to maintain line and ship equipment. Must hold government-issued certification and tankerman certification when working aboard liquid-carrying vessels. Includes able seamen and ordinary seamen.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 83.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 461 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 33,800 people have this job. They earn $46,170 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $1,560,546,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $22.2.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 7.6% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 36,400 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).