This occupation has an extremely low probability of automation.

4.3% probability

of automation

5.9% growth

projected to 2026

66,100 employed

currently in the US

$35,870 annual wage

US, median ($17.25 hourly)

What they do

Care for individuals with mental or emotional conditions or disabilities, following the instructions of physicians or other health practitioners. Monitor patients' physical and emotional well-being and report to medical staff. May participate in rehabilitation and treatment programs, help with personal hygiene, and administer oral or injectable medications.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 4.3% likely to be automated. It ranks 132 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 66,100 people have this job. They earn $35,870 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $2,371,007,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $17.25.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 5.9% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 70,000 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).