This occupation has an extremely low probability of automation.

0.74% probability

of automation

10.5% growth

projected to 2026

478,500 employed

currently in the US

$33,300 annual wage

US, median ($16.01 hourly)

What they do

Instruct preschool-aged children in activities designed to promote social, physical, and intellectual growth needed for primary school in preschool, day care center, or other child development facility. Substitute teachers are included in "Teachers and Instructors, All Other" (25-3099). May be required to hold State certification. Excludes "Childcare Workers" (39-9011) and "Special Education Teachers" (25-2050).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 0.74% likely to be automated. It ranks 37 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 478,500 people have this job. They earn $33,300 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $15,934,050,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $16.01.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 10.5% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 528,600 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).