This occupation has a moderate probability of automation.

35.0% probability

of automation

15.8% growth

projected to 2026

480,600 employed

currently in the US

$56,030 annual wage

US, median ($26.94 hourly)

What they do

Assemble, install, alter, and repair pipelines or pipe systems that carry water, steam, air, or other liquids or gases. May install heating and cooling equipment and mechanical control systems. Includes sprinklerfitters.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 35.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 249 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 480,600 people have this job. They earn $56,030 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $26,928,018,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $26.94.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 15.8% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 556,400 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).