This occupation has a low probability of automation.

10.0% probability

of automation

14.5% growth

projected to 2026

17,900 employed

currently in the US

$121,770 annual wage

US, median ($58.54 hourly)

What they do

Conduct research into physical phenomena, develop theories on the basis of observation and experiments, and devise methods to apply physical laws and theories. Excludes “Biochemists and Biophysicists” (19-1021).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 10.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 175 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 17,900 people have this job. They earn $121,770 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $2,179,683,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $58.54.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 14.5% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 20,500 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).