This occupation has a very high probability of automation.

83.0% probability

of automation

12.1% growth

projected to 2026

51,900 employed

currently in the US

$43,800 annual wage

US, median ($21.06 hourly)

What they do

Operate equipment used for applying concrete, asphalt, or other materials to road beds, parking lots, or airport runways and taxiways, or equipment used for tamping gravel, dirt, or other materials. Includes concrete and asphalt paving machine operators, form tampers, tamping machine operators, and stone spreader operators.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 83.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 472 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 51,900 people have this job. They earn $43,800 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $2,273,220,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $21.06.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 12.1% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 58,200 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).