This occupation has an extremely high probability of automation.

95.0% probability

of automation

12.4% growth

projected to 2026

371,100 employed

currently in the US

$50,560 annual wage

US, median ($24.31 hourly)

What they do

Operate one or several types of power construction equipment, such as motor graders, bulldozers, scrapers, compressors, pumps, derricks, shovels, tractors, or front-end loaders to excavate, move, and grade earth, erect structures, or pour concrete or other hard surface pavement. May repair and maintain equipment in addition to other duties. Excludes “Crane and Tower Operators" (53-7021) and “Extraction Workers” (47-5000).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 95.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 617 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 371,100 people have this job. They earn $50,560 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $18,762,816,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $24.31.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 12.4% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 417,100 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).