This occupation has an extremely high probability of automation.

92.0% probability

of automation

-15.6% growth

projected to 2026

59,900 employed

currently in the US

$32,390 annual wage

US, median ($15.57 hourly)

What they do

Operate one or more of a variety of office machines, such as photocopying, photographic, and duplicating machines, or other office machines. Excludes “Computer Operators" (43-9011), "Mail Clerks and Mail Machine Operators, Except Postal Service" (43-9051) and "Billing and Posting Clerks" (43-3021).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 92.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 561 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 59,900 people have this job. They earn $32,390 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $1,940,161,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $15.57.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to shrink -15.6% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 50,500 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).