This occupation has an extremely low probability of automation.

0.45% probability

of automation

13.2% growth

projected to 2026

120,000 employed

currently in the US

$95,000 annual wage

US, median ($45.68 hourly)

What they do

Conduct research dealing with the understanding of human diseases and the improvement of human health. Engage in clinical investigation, research and development, or other related activities. Includes physicians, dentists, public health specialists, pharmacologists, and medical pathologists who primarily conduct research. Practitioners who primarily provide medical or dental care or dispense drugs are included in “Health Diagnosing and Treating Practitioners” (29-1000).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 0.45% likely to be automated. It ranks 21 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 120,000 people have this job. They earn $95,000 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $11,400,000,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $45.68.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 13.2% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 135,900 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).