This occupation has an extremely low probability of automation.

2.1% probability

of automation

1.6% growth

projected to 2026

27,000 employed

currently in the US

$97,050 annual wage

US, median ($46.66 hourly)

What they do

Evaluate materials and develop machinery and processes to manufacture materials for use in products that must meet specialized design and performance specifications. Develop new uses for known materials. Includes those engineers working with composite materials or specializing in one type of material, such as graphite, metal and metal alloys, ceramics and glass, plastics and polymers, and naturally occurring materials. Includes metallurgists and metallurgical engineers, ceramic engineers, and welding engineers.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 2.1% likely to be automated. It ranks 88 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 27,000 people have this job. They earn $97,050 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $2,620,350,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $46.66.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 1.6% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 27,500 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).