This occupation has a moderate probability of automation.

64.0% probability

of automation

7.9% growth

projected to 2026

1,432,600 employed

currently in the US

$39,360 annual wage

US, median ($18.92 hourly)

What they do

Perform work involving the skills of two or more maintenance or craft occupations to keep machines, mechanical equipment, or the structure of an establishment in repair. Duties may involve pipe fitting; boiler making; insulating; welding; machining; carpentry; repairing electrical or mechanical equipment; installing, aligning, and balancing new equipment; and repairing buildings, floors, or stairs. Excludes “Maintenance Workers, Machinery" (49-9043).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 64.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 352 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 1,432,600 people have this job. They earn $39,360 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $56,387,136,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $18.92.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 7.9% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 1,545,300 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).