This occupation has an extremely low probability of automation.
$64,250 annual wage
What they do
Resolve disputes between workers and managers, negotiate collective bargaining agreements, or coordinate grievance procedures to handle employee complaints. Excludes equal employment opportunity (EEO) officers who are included in “Compliance Officers” (13-1041).
Risk of automation
This occupation is 0% likely to be automated. It ranks of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).
People affected and economic value
In the US, 81,100 people have this job. They earn $64,250 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $5,210,675,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $30.89.
Official growth forecast
This occupation is projected to shrink -7.8% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 74,800 people with this job at that time.
References and notes
This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).