This occupation has a low probability of automation.

15.0% probability

of automation

7.9% growth

projected to 2026

154,400 employed

currently in the US

$55,460 annual wage

US, median

What they do

Teach elemental natural and social science, personal hygiene, music, art, and literature to kindergarten students. Promote physical, mental, and social development. May be required to hold State certification. Substitute teachers are included in "Teachers and Instructors, All Other" (25-3099). Excludes "Special Education Teachers" (25-2050).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 15.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 191 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 154,400 people have this job. They earn $55,460 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $8,563,024,000 in annual economic value.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 7.9% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 166,700 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).