This occupation has a moderate probability of automation.

57.0% probability

of automation

18.6% growth

projected to 2026

55,500 employed

currently in the US

$30,640 annual wage

US, median ($14.73 hourly)

What they do

Help plumbers, pipefitters, steamfitters, or pipelayers by performing duties requiring less skill. Duties include using, supplying or holding materials or tools, and cleaning work area and equipment. Construction laborers who do not primarily assist plumbers, pipefitters, steamfitters, or pipelayers are classified under "Construction Laborers" (47-2061). Apprentice workers are classified with the appropriate skilled construction trade occupation (47-2011 through 47-2231).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 57.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 320 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 55,500 people have this job. They earn $30,640 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $1,700,520,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $14.73.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 18.6% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 65,800 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).