This occupation has a moderate probability of automation.

53.0% probability

of automation

17.1% growth

projected to 2026

46,200 employed

currently in the US

$45,500 annual wage

US, median ($21.88 hourly)

What they do

Identify, remove, pack, transport, or dispose of hazardous materials, including asbestos, lead-based paint, waste oil, fuel, transmission fluid, radioactive materials, or contaminated soil. Specialized training and certification in hazardous materials handling or a confined entry permit are generally required. May operate earth-moving equipment or trucks.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 53.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 307 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 46,200 people have this job. They earn $45,500 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $2,102,100,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $21.88.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 17.1% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 54,100 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).