This occupation has a moderate probability of automation.

63.0% probability

of automation

13.9% growth

projected to 2026

32,000 employed

currently in the US

$106,390 annual wage

US, median ($51.15 hourly)

What they do

Study the composition, structure, and other physical aspects of the Earth. May use geological, physics, and mathematics knowledge in exploration for oil, gas, minerals, or underground water; or in waste disposal, land reclamation, or other environmental problems. May study the Earth's internal composition, atmospheres, oceans, and its magnetic, electrical, and gravitational forces. Includes mineralogists, crystallographers, paleontologists, stratigraphers, geodesists, and seismologists.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 63.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 346 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 32,000 people have this job. They earn $106,390 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $3,404,480,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $51.15.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 13.9% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 36,500 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).