This occupation has a moderate probability of automation.

25.0% probability

of automation

6.2% growth

projected to 2026

1,500 employed

currently in the US

$74,090 annual wage

US, median ($35.62 hourly)

What they do

Study the nature and use of areas of the Earth's surface, relating and interpreting interactions of physical and cultural phenomena. Conduct research on physical aspects of a region, including land forms, climates, soils, plants, and animals, and conduct research on the spatial implications of human activities within a given area, including social characteristics, economic activities, and political organization, as well as researching interdependence between regions at scales ranging from local to global.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 25.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 222 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 1,500 people have this job. They earn $74,090 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $111,135,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $35.62.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 6.2% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 1,600 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).