This occupation has a low probability of automation.

16.0% probability

of automation

9.1% growth

projected to 2026

2,263,100 employed

currently in the US

$122,090 annual wage

US, median ($58.7 hourly)

What they do

Plan, direct, or coordinate the operations of public or private sector organizations. Duties and responsibilities include formulating policies, managing daily operations, and planning the use of materials and human resources, but are too diverse and general in nature to be classified in any one functional area of management or administration, such as personnel, purchasing, or administrative services. Excludes First-Line Supervisors.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 16.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 195 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 2,263,100 people have this job. They earn $122,090 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $276,301,879,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $58.7.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 9.1% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 2,469,000 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).