This occupation has an extremely low probability of automation.
$23,820 annual wage
What they do
Manually plant, cultivate, and harvest vegetables, fruits, nuts, horticultural specialties, and field crops. Use hand tools, such as shovels, trowels, hoes, tampers, pruning hooks, shears, and knives. Duties may include tilling soil and applying fertilizers; transplanting, weeding, thinning, or pruning crops; applying pesticides; or cleaning, grading, sorting, packing, and loading harvested products. May construct trellises, repair fences and farm buildings, or participate in irrigation activities. Excludes “Graders and Sorters, Agricultural Products" (45-2041) and “Forest, Conservation, and Logging Workers" (45-4011 through 45-4029).
Risk of automation
This occupation is 0% likely to be automated. It ranks of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).
People affected and economic value
In the US, 503,700 people have this job. They earn $23,820 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $11,998,134,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $11.45.
Official growth forecast
This occupation is projected to grow 1.1% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 509,500 people with this job at that time.
References and notes
This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).