This occupation has an extremely low probability of automation.

3.3% probability

of automation

11.1% growth

projected to 2026

89,500 employed

currently in the US

$75,360 annual wage

US, median ($36.23 hourly)

What they do

Conduct research or perform investigation for the purpose of identifying, abating, or eliminating sources of pollutants or hazards that affect either the environment or the health of the population. Using knowledge of various scientific disciplines, may collect, synthesize, study, report, and recommend action based on data derived from measurements or observations of air, food, soil, water, and other sources. Excludes “Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists" (19-1023), "Conservation Scientists" (19-1031), "Forest and Conservation Technicians" (19-4093), "Fish and Game Wardens" (33-3031), and "Forest and Conservation Workers" (45-4011).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 3.3% likely to be automated. It ranks 113 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 89,500 people have this job. They earn $75,360 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $6,744,720,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $36.23.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 11.1% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 99,300 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).