This occupation has a near certain probability of automation.
$31,640 annual wage
What they do
Operate data entry device, such as keyboard or photo composing perforator. Duties may include verifying data and preparing materials for printing. Excludes "Word Processors and Typists" (43-9022).
Risk of automation
This occupation is 99.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 691 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).
People affected and economic value
In the US, 203,800 people have this job. They earn $31,640 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $6,448,232,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $15.21.
Official growth forecast
This occupation is projected to shrink -21.1% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 160,800 people with this job at that time.
References and notes
This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).