This occupation has a moderate probability of automation.

54.0% probability

of automation

-3.9% growth

projected to 2026

12,300 employed

currently in the US

$52,650 annual wage

US, median ($25.31 hourly)

What they do

Operate self-propelled mining machines that rip coal, metal and nonmetal ores, rock, stone, or sand from the mine face and load it onto conveyors or into shuttle cars in a continuous operation.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 54.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 309 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 12,300 people have this job. They earn $52,650 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $647,595,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $25.31.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to shrink -3.9% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 11,800 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).