This occupation has a very high probability of automation.

88.0% probability

of automation

12.6% growth

projected to 2026

1,216,700 employed

currently in the US

$37,890 annual wage

US, median ($18.22 hourly)

What they do

Perform tasks involving physical labor at construction sites. May operate hand and power tools of all types: air hammers, earth tampers, cement mixers, small mechanical hoists, surveying and measuring equipment, and a variety of other equipment and instruments. May clean and prepare sites, dig trenches, set braces to support the sides of excavations, erect scaffolding, and clean up rubble, debris and other waste materials. May assist other craft workers. Construction laborers who primarily assist a particular craft worker are classified under "Helpers, Construction Trades" (47-3010). Excludes “Hazardous Materials Removal Workers” (47-4041).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 88.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 512 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 1,216,700 people have this job. They earn $37,890 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $46,100,763,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $18.22.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 12.6% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 1,370,000 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).