This occupation has an extremely low probability of automation.

1.6% probability

of automation

6.5% growth

projected to 2026

22,300 employed

currently in the US

$65,130 annual wage

US, median ($31.31 hourly)

What they do

Manage, improve, and protect natural resources to maximize their use without damaging the environment. May conduct soil surveys and develop plans to eliminate soil erosion or to protect rangelands. May instruct farmers, agricultural production managers, or ranchers in best ways to use crop rotation, contour plowing, or terracing to conserve soil and water; in the number and kind of livestock and forage plants best suited to particular ranges; and in range and farm improvements, such as fencing and reservoirs for stock watering. Excludes “Zoologists and Wildlife Biologists" (19-1023) and "Foresters" (19-1032).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 1.6% likely to be automated. It ranks 75 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 22,300 people have this job. They earn $65,130 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $1,452,399,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $31.31.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 6.5% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 23,800 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).