This occupation has a low probability of automation.

18.0% probability

of automation

10.6% growth

projected to 2026

4,100 employed

currently in the US

$53,990 annual wage

US, median ($25.96 hourly)

What they do

Work below surface of water, using scuba gear to inspect, repair, remove, or install equipment and structures. May use a variety of power and hand tools, such as drills, sledgehammers, torches, and welding equipment. May conduct tests or experiments, rig explosives, or photograph structures or marine life. Excludes “Fishers and Related Fishing Workers" (45-3011), "Athletes and Sports Competitors" (27-2021), and "Police and Sheriff's Patrol Officers" (33-3051).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 18.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 202 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 4,100 people have this job. They earn $53,990 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $221,359,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $25.96.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 10.6% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 4,500 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).