This occupation has an extremely low probability of automation.

1.5% probability

of automation

-3.5% growth

projected to 2026

308,900 employed

currently in the US

$194,350 annual wage

US, median ($93.44 hourly)

What they do

Determine and formulate policies and provide overall direction of companies or private and public sector organizations within guidelines set up by a board of directors or similar governing body. Plan, direct, or coordinate operational activities at the highest level of management with the help of subordinate executives and staff managers.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 1.5% likely to be automated. It ranks 70 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 308,900 people have this job. They earn $194,350 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $60,034,715,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $93.44.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to shrink -3.5% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 298,200 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).