This occupation has an extremely high probability of automation.

94.0% probability

of automation

12.6% growth

projected to 2026

178,900 employed

currently in the US

$43,720 annual wage

US, median ($21.02 hourly)

What they do

Smooth and finish surfaces of poured concrete, such as floors, walks, sidewalks, roads, or curbs using a variety of hand and power tools. Align forms for sidewalks, curbs, or gutters; patch voids; and use saws to cut expansion joints. Installers of mortarless segmental concrete masonry wall units are classified in "Landscaping and Groundskeeping Workers” (37- 3011).

Risk of automation

This occupation is 94.0% likely to be automated. It ranks 595 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 178,900 people have this job. They earn $43,720 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $7,821,508,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $21.02.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 12.6% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 201,500 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).