This occupation has an extremely low probability of automation.
$143,870 annual wage
What they do
Plan, direct, or coordinate activities in such fields as architecture and engineering or research and development in these fields. Excludes “Natural Sciences Managers" (11-9121).
Risk of automation
This occupation is 1.7% likely to be automated. It ranks 78 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).
People affected and economic value
In the US, 180,100 people have this job. They earn $143,870 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $25,910,987,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $69.17.
Official growth forecast
This occupation is projected to grow 5.5% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 190,000 people with this job at that time.
References and notes
This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).