This occupation has an extremely low probability of automation.

0.77% probability

of automation

3.3% growth

projected to 2026

7,600 employed

currently in the US

$66,440 annual wage

US, median ($31.94 hourly)

What they do

Study the origin, development, and behavior of human beings. May study the way of life, language, or physical characteristics of people in various parts of the world. May engage in systematic recovery and examination of material evidence, such as tools or pottery remaining from past human cultures, in order to determine the history, customs, and living habits of earlier civilizations.

Risk of automation

This occupation is 0.77% likely to be automated. It ranks 39 of 702 occupations analyzed (higher rank means higher likelihood).

People affected and economic value

In the US, 7,600 people have this job. They earn $66,440 per year on average (the mean annual wage). The occupation therefore represents $504,944,000 in annual economic value. The mean hourly wage for this occupation is $31.94.

Official growth forecast

This occupation is projected to grow 3.3% between 2016 and 2026. At this rate, there would be 7,900 people with this job at that time.

References and notes

This article uses data from "The Future of Employment" (PDF), a 2013 study from University of Oxford researchers, and US Bureau of Labor Statistics files including Standard Occupational Classification 2010 Definitions (XLS), May 2016 Occupational Employment Statistics (zip) and 2016-2026 Employment Projections (XLS).